Linkhome Documentiportfolio Videovideo Fotohistory

Le tecnologie della hybris

L’esperta americana di politiche pubbliche della scienza Sheila Jasanoff propone una specifica articolazione delle questioni politiche sollevate dall’esistenza di grandi narrazioni, in un lavoro sulle cosiddette ‘tecnologie dell’umiltà’ (Jasanoff 2003). Con questo termine, l’Autrice si riferisce alla necessità di sviluppare delle nuove tecnologie sociali per aprire la scatola nera delle assunzioni teoriche, gli immaginari e le narrazioni, che fondano i metodi predittivi, analitici e quantitativi della scienza dell’innovazione, concepiti per mantenere l’incertezza sotto controllo per rassicurare i cittadini rispetto alla capacità di prevedere e risolvere i problemi che crea. Tali modelli, quali la gestione dei rischi o risk management, l’analisi costi-benefici e le simulazioni di sistemi, sono definiti come ‘tecnologie della hybris (dal greco “arroganza”) per tre ordini di motivi.

Primo, sono incentrati sul noto alle spese dell’ignoto, ovvero sui rischi a breve termine, gestibili quantitativamente, rispetto alle conseguenze a lungo termine, per lo più ignote – i cosiddetti unknown unknowns (European Environmental Agency 2001). Questa enfasi sul noto è basata su una narrazione del controllo, nella quale si associa il grado di specializzazione e la potenza di calcolo con l’accuratezza e la completezza dell’analisi.

Secondo, il linguaggio specialistico e la conoscenza utilizzati per elaborare e per utilizzare queste tecnologie nell’ambito della politica tendono ad ostacolare una discussione aperta con tutti i legittimi portatori di interesse. Più specificamente, le assunzioni normative di tali modelli analitici non sono soggette a pubblico dibattito e l’ideale moderno secondo il quale la scienza produce un tipo di conoscenza oggettiva, dunque non discutibile in sede politica, è utilizzato come strumento per oscurare il lavoro definitorio che è necessario per concepirli. Qui, di nuovo, la grande narrazione della moderna conoscenza scientifica come lente privilegiata e neutrale per rappresentare e gestire la realtà che ci circonda gioca un ruolo fondamentale nel celare l’esercizio di giudizio e di potere implicato nella costruzione dei modelli.

Terzo, la capacità di tali tecnologie di assorbire le sfide che esulano dalle loro assunzioni definitorie è limitata, come nel caso delle valutazioni di tossicità chimica, le quali continuano ad essere basate sull’ipotesi manifestamente falsa che le persone sono esposte ad una sostanza chimica alla volta (Jasanoff 2003).

A cura di Alice Benessia, Maria Bucci, Simone Contu, Vincenzo Guarnieri.

35 interventi  
  • Ashton ha scritto:
    25 ottobre 2014 alle 14:33

    I’m a trainee colorful buy generic accutane 10 mg landing She continued, “Jared’s grandfather, Joseph, was a rock. His indomitable spirit, his sense of family, and his work ethic are the values we hope to hand down to our son. My grandfather, Frederick, was a builder not just of tens of thousands of homes throughout this city, but of a tight-knit family that honors to this day the traditions he established.”

  • Arianna ha scritto:
    26 ottobre 2014 alle 00:51

    I’d like to order some foreign currency generic for cozaar 50mg “The higher mortgage rates are having an impact on thehousing market,” said Scott Brown, chief economist with RaymondJames in St. Petersburg, Florida. “That makes tapering (bondpurchases) somewhat less likely.”

  • Sean ha scritto:
    26 ottobre 2014 alle 07:20

    Three years tables what are the chances of having twins with 50 mg of clomid writer Amazon will allow consumers to purchase, manage and renewtheir subscriptions for seven of its top titles under a new “allaccess” plan that gives them both print and digital editions ofselect magazines using their Amazon accounts.

  • Evelyn ha scritto:
    26 ottobre 2014 alle 10:04

    Very funny pictures flattering package diflucan price philippines busy Israel predicated abortion would be an issue again in the 2013-14 elections that will determine who controls Congress and dozens of statehouses during the final two years of Democratic President Barack Obama’s term. He mentioned 12 Republicans who represent districts that Obama won last year and four more where Republican Mitt Romney won by less than 2 percentage points. Hogue said it could matter in the North Carolina Senate race, as well, particularly if state House Speaker Thom Tillis ends up as the GOP challenger to Sen. Kay Hagan. The first-term senator took to her Twitter account recently to blast Raleigh Republicans. “Women are watching,” she wrote.

  • Ella ha scritto:
    26 ottobre 2014 alle 18:45

    What do you study? doxycycline 200 mg Valentino's Rockstud sling-backs are fast becoming one of this decade's most iconic shapes. A celebrity must-have, they have been spotted at all major fashion weeks and are a firm favourite with the likes of Kate Moss, Jessica Alba and Alexa Chung, who champions the flat ballerina version.

  • Luis ha scritto:
    27 ottobre 2014 alle 02:04

    I sing in a choir where to buy infant diflucan Whole Foods says the cheese may be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. It was sold in 30 states and Washington DC under names including Les Freres and Crave Brothers Les Freres. The cheese was cut and packaged in clear plastic wrap and sold with Whole Foods Market scale labels. The company is posting signs in its stores to inform customers about the recall.

  • Lucky ha scritto:
    27 ottobre 2014 alle 06:46

    Have you read any good books lately? sack purchase diflucan pray fairy Their plan set a Saturday deadline for Syria to give a fullaccount of the weapons it possesses. Security experts say it hasabout 1,000 tonnes of mustard gas, VX and sarin – the nerve gasU.N. inspectors found had been used in the Aug. 21 attack.

  • john ha scritto:
    27 ottobre 2014 alle 14:04

    How many weeks’ holiday a year are there? geodon 20 mg capsule Lips generally become chapped due to dry air, cold weather, or too much sun. The skin on your lips is much thinner than the skin of your face and contains no oil glands, so it gets dehydrated faster. This dryness makes your lips fragile, which can cause painful splits and cracks.

  • Nicholas ha scritto:
    27 ottobre 2014 alle 21:21

    How many are there in a book? 150 mg clomid success Android uses the cryptographic signature as a way to check that an app or program is legitimate and to ensure it has not been tampered with. Mr Forristal and his colleagues have found a method of tricking the way Android checks these signatures so malicious changes to apps go unnoticed.

  • Camila ha scritto:
    28 ottobre 2014 alle 03:30

    Could you ask him to call me? response buy zetia uncle enslave Our members are working together with other retailers in some areas to bring in more customers to everyone's benefit – by running joint promotions and events or lobbying local councils on making it easier to park.

  • Jozef ha scritto:
    28 ottobre 2014 alle 09:37

    I’m afraid that number’s ex-directory levaquin 750 mg tabletas para que sirve “We talked in spring training. This was a tough year for the guys because the expectations were so high and it was almost like we were set up to fail. And from Day 1 of spring training I told them don’t get caught up in the expectations,” Leyland said before getting dusty. “Get caught up in how we’re going to live up to those expectations. And I think that’s what they’ve done.”

  • Riley ha scritto:
    29 ottobre 2014 alle 04:53

    Would you like to leave a message? levofloxacin price walmart “We’ve been switching on a new site in the London area every half an hour and now people in more than 80 towns and districts can enjoy Vodafone ultrafast 4G. So, the question for even more people now is: which do you want – music or sport?”

  • Matthew ha scritto:
    30 ottobre 2014 alle 00:11

    Have you read any good books lately? maxalt melt Attanasio joins union attorney Ian Penny and other Players Association officials who are working with Rodriguez’s legal team to help the embattled superstar overturn the unprecedented doping suspension handed down by commissioner Bud Selig on Aug. 5.

  • rikky ha scritto:
    30 ottobre 2014 alle 19:16

    What qualifications have you got? neurontin 600 mg used for In a statement, Henry Kravis and George Roberts, KKR’sco-chief executives who founded the firm in 1976 together withJerome Kohlberg, focused on the company’s dividend following achange in the company’s distribution policy last quarter.

  • Brandon ha scritto:
    31 ottobre 2014 alle 14:09

    I like watching TV purchase albuterol inhaler SYDNEY, Oct 3 (Reuters) – The U.S. dollar sagged toeight-month lows on Thursday as the U.S. government shutdowndragged on with no end in sight, though share markets foundcomfort in expectations major central banks might now have tokeep monetary policy super-loose for longer.


Se vuoi inserire un video nel tuo intervento copia il link youtube e sostituisci http con httpv (attenzione alla 'v'!)

Powered by PerformingMediaLab/Pie